Anna Kalbhenn and Thomas Bernauer have just published an open dataset on conflict and cooperation in international river basins, which can be found here. Based on this dataset multiple analyses are possible, including predictions of water conflict and cooperation. The developers of the database suggest “Rapidly increasing water demand combined with supply constraints is widely believed to raise the risk of violence over scarce water resources. Because many of the world’s freshwater systems extend across national boundaries, this implies an increased potential for international water conflicts. However, which factors make it actually more likely that we observe conflict? Also, is it possible that cooperation emerges? And, most importantly, which freshwater systems are most likely to be affected by conflict or cooperation?” See about these issue issues also a recent article in Foreign Affairs.